Low back or back pain is a very common and especially unpleasant pain that most people experience at some point in their lives.
Usually, one of the most affected parts of the body is the lower back, because that is where the greatest weight falls. Many people think that their low back pain is due to a problem with the spine, but in fact this is not always the case. In most cases, it is due to kidney or ovarian problems in women.
Some of the most important organs in the body are in the waist area. The kidneys are an example. Although pelvic pain often relate the internal reproductive organs in women, pain in this area can also be present in men and can be due to a number of reasons. It can also be a symptom of an infection or a problem with certain internal organs, such as the bladder or colon. In women, however, pelvic pain can mean that there is a problem with one of their reproductive organs.
- What causes low back pain?
Една от основните причини за болките в кръста може да е емоционално напрежение и стрес върху мускулите на гърба.
One of the main causes of low back pain can be emotional tension and stress on the back muscles.
- Lifting heavy objects or attempting to move furniture can strain the muscles of your back or abdomen and is very likely to cause low back pain.
- A direct blow or injury from a fall or accident can cause damage to muscle fibers, leading to low back pain.
- Wearing too tight clothing can also cause tension and muscle spasms in the waist.
- Inadequate posture both when walking and sitting, causes poor weight distribution and then the pain begins.
- As we know, stress causes many health problems. But in this case we must mention that one of the parts of the body that is most affect by stress is our back. This happens because most of our muscles are tense.
- Lumbar disc herniation: Lumbar disc herniation is one of the most common causes of back and leg pain (sciatica); 80% of people have back pain at some point in their lives. Most of these pains are due to a herniated disc. The condition is usually diagnosed between the ages of 35 and 50. If it is detected in the early stages and the necessary precautions are taken, it will not develop. In old age, movements that strain the body can cause the discs to slip between the vertebrae that make up the spine. As a result, the gelatinous substance in the vertebrae can penetrate the broken part of the disc, which we call a “lumbar disc herniation.” The disease can lead to back or leg pain or tingling.
Rest, painkillers, spinal injections, and physiotherapy are treatments that can help overcome the disease. With proper treatment, the pain can be relieved in an average of 6 weeks. Discuss surgery with your doctor if the problem persists or if you lose control of your bladder or bowel.
- What causes pelvic pain?
Possible causes of pelvic pain in both men and women include:
Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. This is a protrusion on the lower right side of the colon, resembling a worm. Appendicitis is most often caused by compression or obstruction of the appendix, which leads to infection. Symptoms of the condition may include pain in the right lower abdomen, nausea, vomiting, fever, loss of appetite, and diarrhea or constipation.
- Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in every part of the urinary system – the kidneys, bladder, and urethra. Most infections affect the lower urinary tract – the bladder and urethra.
Women are at greater risk of developing UTI than men. The infection can be painful and can have serious consequences if the UTI spreads to your kidneys.
- Sexually transmitted diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that are caused by bacteria, parasites, fungi, or viruses.
- Kidney infection or kidney stones
When bacteria enter your kidneys, they cause an infection. The bacteria that cause this infection usually come from another part of your urethra, such as the bladder or urethra.
Kidney infections can affect only one kidney or both at a time. It is very important that they are treated as soon as possible, otherwise they can cause permanent damage or spread to other parts of your body and cause an even more serious infection.
A hernia is a protrusion of an organ or tissue outside the body cavity in which it is usually located. The most common hernias develop in the abdomen when weakness of the abdominal wall generates a cavity in which a protrusion of the parietal peritoneum occurs. Although the most well-known hernias in medicine are those related to the abdominal cavity, there are also hernias in various places, such as cerebral hernias and others.
- Broken pelvis
The pelvis is an annular structure located at the lower back. It represents the union of three bones – ilium, sciatica and pubis. The tissues join the pelvis with the sacrum at the base of the spine, creating a cavity under the ribs.
Most pelvic fractures are caused by an immense force, such as a car accident or a serious fall. Depending on the direction and extent of the force, these fractures can be life-threatening or require surgical treatment.
- Possible causes of pelvic pain in women
Ovulation pain is quite common and is a completely harmless phenomenon that attacks women during ovulation. Also called “mittelschmerz” (in German for “medium pain” because ovulation occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle). It is usually felt on the left side in one month and on the right side in the following month.
This pain often occurs during ovulation, but also during menstruation. Sometimes the pain is quite bearable, but for one in 10 women, menstruation can become a real hell.
Complications during pregnancy
Pelvic pain during pregnancy can be due to ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage. Later in pregnancy, pelvic pain may be a sign of placental problems, including rupture or premature birth. However, mild abdominal cramps very early in pregnancy are not uncommon.
There are other types of cramps that many women experience just before their menstrual cycle. In case of severe pain, always consult your doctor. Severe pelvic pain does not always mean that you have problems with your reproductive organs, as there are many other things that can cause it.
Other causes of pelvic pain can be constipation, colon cancer or ulcerative colitis.
If you experience pelvic pain, you should see your doctor.
Because, as we have learned, the causes of pelvic pain are many, the doctor will perform various tests to be able to diagnose the underlying problem.
If we want to improve or prevent back, lower back, and pelvic pain, we need to adopt better posture when we sit, walk, and exercise. This will be possible with some exercises that will strengthen your muscles.
If the pain reappears, it is good to apply hot or cold compresses on the affected area.